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Pelle con macchie

MACCHIE SCURE, DISCROMIE E COLORITO DELLA PELLE NON UNIFORME

L’eccesso di melanina, il pigmento naturale che conferisce alla pelle il suo colore, a causa dell’esposizione agli UV, delle variazioni ormonali o di traumi, può contribuire all'iperpigmentazione. Il colorito della pelle non è più uniforme e viene segnata da antiestetiche macchie scure. SkinCeuticals offre una varietà di prodotti che affrontano in modo delicato e sicuro questo diffuso inestetismo, schiarendo le macchie esistenti e prevenendo la formazione di ulteriori discromie.

Learn more about discoloration

what is skin discoloration?

Discoloration, sometimes referred to as hyperpigmentation or dark spots, appears in the form of dark patches. It is a common skin concern and can be isolated or diffused. As discoloration is mainly caused by years of accumulated sun exposure it can appear on exposed areas, including face, neck, chest, hands, and arms. Discoloration can result in a prematurely aged appearance.

discoloration

skin discoloration explained

What causes skin discoloration?

Skin contains melanin, a naturally-occurring pigment that gives skin color. Its purpose is protective, which is why skin becomes darker when exposed to the sun without sunscreen. Melanin can also be produced in excess as a protective response to insults or attacks on the top layer of skin.

While sun exposure is the primary cause of skin discoloration, a variety of factors can contribute such as genetics, hormonal fluctuations, acne, localized skin irritation, and other environmental aggressors such as pollution-induced free radicals. Regardless of the cause, skin discoloration can be present as dark patches, isolated spots, or an overall darker facial appearance. It is often difficult to treat and prevention is key for managing skin discoloration in topical skincare. This requires diligent use of sunscreen and an effective topical vitamin C antioxidant.

What ingredients should I look for when purchasing products targeting skin discoloration?

There are many ingredients that claim or have been shown to reduce the appearance of skin discoloration and brighten the skin’s complexion. Well-studied ingredients include pure vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and phloretin, potent antioxidants both featured in Phloretin CF and Phloretin CF Gel. Retinol is another key ingredient shown to be effective in treating discoloration and is often recommended by dermatologists. Kojic acid and arbutin are two well-documented ingredients that work synergistically together to improve the appearance of unwanted discoloration. SkinCeuticals Metacell Renewal B3 features niacinamide, another important ingredient in addressing discoloration. Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, helps reduce the appearance of discoloration and blotchiness.

Hydroquinone is also a common ingredient used primarily by physicians, but is available at lower percentages without a prescription. Many physicians recommend alternatives to hydroquinone due to its side effects. Sunscreen filters are also essential for discoloration concerns because they protect skin from UV damage.

How can I update my skincare regimen to help target skin discoloration?

The most comprehensive solution for improving the appearance of skin discoloration is prevention and correction. Incorporate an effective topical vitamin C antioxidant such as Phloretin CF or Phloretin CF Gel every morning to prevent against UV- and pollution-induced free radicals. A broad spectrum sunscreen is also a necessity to shield skin from the UV rays that can prompt pigment-producing cells to create new (and unwanted) melanin. Lastly, combining with targeted corrective solutions formulated to reduce the appearance of existing discoloration and brighten skin will optimize results. SkinCeuticals Advanced Pigment Corrector is a daily multi-action lightweight lotion that helps reduce the appearance of stubborn skin discoloration and improves overall skin tone. Reducing the appearance of discoloration takes time, be patient and diligent with a regimen.

Are there any in-office treatments than can help improve skin discoloration?

Physicians and skincare professionals are invaluable partners in treating discoloration. They offer a variety of treatments that can quickly and effectively reduce the appearance of skin discoloration. Options include lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), and chemical peels. They will recommend the best course of treatment according to skin tone, discoloration severity, and tolerated downtime. Lasers and IPL treatments use light to target and remove melanin clusters in skin. Chemical peels use a variety of acids to exfoliate and reduce the appearance of discoloration. SkinCeuticals Advanced Corrective Peel is a medically exclusive chemical peel for comprehensive skin texture refinement and improvement of the visible signs of discoloration. Your SkinCeuticals skincare professional will also recommend at-home skincare products to complement your treatment.

What is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation?

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a type of dark spot that can occur after an acne blemish injury to the skin. It can also be caused by heat associated with sun radiation, waxing, laser treatments, or other in-office procedures. PIH is more common in darker skin tones.

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L’ iperpigmentazione è il risultato di una produzione di melanina in eccesso in risposta all’impatto dei raggi del sole sulla pelle, ma non solo. Le discromie possono essere anche il risultato di infiammazioni o traumi cutanei come l’acne o il segno di squilibri ormonali e dell'età che avanza.

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Il processo di formazione delle macchie della pelle avviene in tre fasi: nella parte profonda dell'epidermide viene prodotta melanina in eccesso. Questa, racchiusa in piccoli organelli, si sposta verso la superficie dove si accumula dando origine a macchie brune e discromie. E' noto che la causa principale delle macchie è rappresentata dall’esposizione al sole che sollecita una produzione di pigmenti non regolare. Sebbene la costante applicazione di filtri solari e antiossidanti topici aiuti a prevenire le discromie, i prodotti per l’iperpigmentazione possono davvero fare la differenza. Per uniformare il colorito, i depigmentanti presentano attivi che intervengono in varie fasi del processo di formazione della macchia, mirando agli enzimi necessari per la produzione dei pigmenti oppure impedendo ai pigmenti di depositarsi a livello cutaneo. La sola esfoliazione (scrub, peeling professionale e retinolo) può migliorare visibilmente l'aspetto delle macchie della pelle, rimuovendo gli strati cutanei superficiali dove risiedono i pigmenti. Uno dei modi più efficaci per prevenire le discromie prevede l’uso di un filtro solare quotidiano e di un antiossidante topico, mentre un programma di trattamento appropriato può migliorare l’iperpigmentazione esistente.

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